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We hope this review was both interesting and useful. Please share it with family and friends who would benefit from it as well.

Album Review

Positive Elements

Spiritual Content

Sexual Content

Violent Content

Crude or Profane Language

Drug and Alcohol Content

Other Negative Elements


Pro-social Content

“Gold Digger” warns guys that brief pleasure can yield 18 years of child support payments and tells restless women to stand by their men. West shouts praises to his mother (“Hey Mama”) and credits his grandparents with being a stabilizing force (“Roses”). Numerous songs refer to prayer and speak respectfully of Jesus and a heavenly reward. “Diamonds From Sierra Leone (Remix)” condemns exploitative mining practices in Africa. Tracks deal with the destructive power of crack (“Crack Music”) and recognize the devil as a living force to be reckoned with (“Heard ‘Em Say”).

Objectionable Content

Obscenities include s-words, g--d--n, f-words (some with the “mutha” prefix), and racial or misogynist slang. Hormonal prowling and crass sexual references poison six cuts. On “Celebration” West tells his little boy about the romp that sired him and calls him his “favorite accident.” He asks his lover to engage in a ménage à trois (“Addiction”). Drugs and alcohol show up in the form of Henni, Cristal, Mo, marijuana, cocaine, cognac and Hypnotiq.

Summary Advisory

On “Touch the Sky” this recent Time cover boy remarks, “I’m trying to right my wrongs/But it’s funny these same wrongs helped me write this song.” That’s the problem with West’s music; he knows better but finds the wider road more lucrative. An inconsistent effort sure to baffle Christians drawn to his spiritual side.

Plot Summary

Christian Beliefs

Other Belief Systems

Authority Roles



Discussion Topics

Additional Comments/Notes

Episode Reviews



Readability Age Range







First-week sales of 860,000 drove this disc straight to No. 1. “Gold Digger” became a top R&B and pop single.

Record Label

Def Jam




On Video

Year Published



Adam R. Holz Bob Smithouser

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